Tuesday, 2 September 2008

Bowie Kent Kuhn

Bowie Kent Kuhn - American Lawyer; Member o/t New York City law firm Willkie, Farr & Gallagher; Commissioner of Major League Baseball; President o/t Kent Group; Chairman o/t Catholic Advisory Board o/t Ave Maria Mutual Funds

Bowie Kent Kuhn (October 28, 1926 – March 15, 2007) was an American lawyer and sports administrator who served as the 5th commissioner of Major League Baseball from February 4, 1969 to September 30, 1984. He served as legal counsel for Major League Baseball owners for almost 20 years prior to his election as commissioner.

Early life and career

Kuhn was born in Takoma Park, Maryland, grew up in Washington, D.C. and graduated from Theodore Roosevelt High School. He then attended Franklin and Marshall College in the V-12 Navy College Training Program before going to Princeton University in 1945. He graduated from Princeton with honors in 1947 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics. He then received his law degree in 1950 from the University of Virginia where he served on the editorial board of the law review.

Following his graduation from law school, Kuhn became a member of the New York City law firm Willkie, Farr & Gallagher because the firm represented the National League. While working in baseball's legal affairs, Kuhn served as a counselor for the NL in a lawsuit brought against it by the City of Milwaukee when the Milwaukee Braves moved to Atlanta following the 1965 season.

After the owners forced out William Eckert in 1968, Kuhn seemed like a logical replacement for the job of commissioner. He, unlike Eckert, was very aware of the inner workings of Major League Baseball before taking office. Kuhn's closest challengers to the commissionership were Mike Burke, president of the New York Yankees; and San Francisco Giants head of baseball operations Chub Feeney, who instead became president of the National League.[1] Kuhn was the youngest (42), tallest (6-foot-5), and heaviest (240 pounds, 109 kg) commissioner in history.

Actions as commissioner

His tenure was marked by labor strikes (most notably in 1981), owner disenchantment, and the end of baseball's reserve clause, yet baseball enjoyed unprecedented attendance gains (from 23 million in 1968 to 45.5 million in 1983) and television contracts during the same time frame.

Kuhn suspended numerous players for involvement with drugs and gambling, and took a strong stance against any activity that he perceived to be "not in the best interests of baseball."

In 1970, he suspended star Detroit Tigers pitcher Denny McLain indefinitely (the suspension was later set at 3 months) due to McLain's involvement in a bookmaking operation, and later suspended McLain for the rest of the season for carrying a gun. He barred both Willie Mays (in 1979) and Mickey Mantle (in 1983) from the sport due to their involvement in casino promotion; neither was directly involved in gambling, and both were reinstated by Kuhn's successor Peter Ueberroth in 1985.

Also in 1970, Kuhn described Jim Bouton's Ball Four as "detrimental to baseball" and demanded that Bouton retract it. The book has been republished several times and is now considered a classic.

On October 13, 1971, the World Series held a night game for the first time. Kuhn, who thought that baseball could attract a larger audience by featuring a prime time telecast (as opposed to a mid-afternoon broadcast, when most fans either worked or attended school), pitched the idea to NBC. An estimated 61 million people watched Game 4 on NBC; TV ratings for a World Series game during the daytime hours would not have approached such a record number. Kuhn's vision in this instance has been fulfilled, as all the World Series games are now shown in prime time.

Kuhn's war on drugs

After being in office for over ten years, Kuhn had grown a strong reputation for being hard on players who abused drugs. Kuhn was quick to punish players who used drugs with heavy fines and suspensions. Kansas City Royals catcher Darrell Porter told the Associated Press that during the winter of 1979-1980 he became paranoid, convinced that Kuhn knew about his drug abuse, was trying to sneak into his house, and planned to ban him from baseball for life. Porter found himself sitting up at night in the dark watching out the front window, waiting for Kuhn to approach, clutching billiard balls and a shotgun. Ironically, when Porter was named the most valuable player of the 1982 World Series while playing for the Cardinals, Kuhn was on hand to congratulate him.

In 1980, during the Iranian hostage crisis, Kuhn sat at a baseball game with Jeremiah Denton, a Navy admiral and former POW in Vietnam who would be elected U.S. Senator later that year from the state of Alabama. Recalling the event to The Washington Post, Kuhn believed that "that afternoon...the idea of a lifetime baseball pass was discussed," and upon their return from Iran, each of the 52 hostages was given one of these unique passes.[2]

In 1983, four players from the Kansas City Royals - Willie Wilson, Jerry Martin, Willie Mays Aikens, and Vida Blue - were found guilty of cocaine use. In addition, such established stars as Ferguson Jenkins, Keith Hernandez, Dave Parker, and Dale Berra admitted to having problems with drugs.

See also: Pittsburgh drug trials

Leaving office

Kuhn was both praised and attacked for the firm stand that he levied against offenders. In 1982, some of the owners organized a move to push him out of office. In 1983, Kuhn and his supporters made a last-ditch effort to renew his contract but ultimately failed. Kuhn, though, was allowed to stay for the 1984 regular season before being replaced by Peter Ueberroth.

Life after baseball

Following baseball, Kuhn returned to the law firm of Willkie, Farr & Gallagher and assumed presidency of the Kent Group, a business, sports and financial consulting firm. Mr. Kuhn left Willkie, Farr & Gallagher to join with Harvey D. Myerson, a former senior partner in the firm of Finley, Kumble, Wagner, Underberg, Manley, Myerson & Casey, to form the firm of Myerson & Kuhn.[3] He also became an adviser and board member for Domino's Pizza and the Ave Maria Foundation.

Kuhn had been a longtime resident of Ridgewood, New Jersey.[4] According to an AP wire story,[5] he partnered in a law firm with Harvey Myerson which subsequently went bankrupt and then sold his New Jersey home and moved to Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, because his home and other assets were shielded from the bankruptcy.

Kuhn became the Chairman of the Catholic Advisory Board of the Ave Maria Mutual Funds upon the inception of their first mutual fund, Ave Maria Catholic Values Fund, in May 2001.

During a telecast of the 2004 World Series, broadcaster Joe Buck announced that just prior to his 78th birthday, Kuhn was scheduled to undergo open-heart surgery.[6]

Kuhn died in 2007, and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame later the same year.

Racial insensitivity and other criticisms

A number of observers complained about Kuhn's apparent insensitivity (or at least poor public relations) on race-related matters:

* When the decision was made to induct Negro League players into the Baseball Hall of Fame starting in 1971, Kuhn announced that their plaques would be in a separate wing of the Hall, presumably based on the argument that the Negro Leagues were not true "Major League Baseball" leagues, ignoring the historical fact that Major League Baseball's exclusionary policies had compelled the creation of the Negro Leagues in the first place. (He also ignored the fact that the Hall of Fame is a separate entity from Major League Baseball; it is under no obligation to induct and chronicle only Major League Baseball players and events, as inductees have included figures from the era before the first professional leagues were established. In spite of this, both sides cooperate as it is in their mutual interests.) Whatever the motivation for this idea might have been, the resulting public outcry resulted in the inclusion of Negro Leaguers' plaques with the others.

* Although Kuhn was personally in attendance in Cincinnati when Atlanta Braves slugger Hank Aaron hit his 714th home run to tie Babe Ruth for the all-time record, the commissioner made himself a target for criticism when he was absent on the historic night that Aaron hit his 715th home run in Atlanta. NBC-TV announcer Tony Kubek specifically commented on that point, on the air. Kuhn argued that he had a prior engagement that he could not break.

* He was said to have personally added the name of Carl Yastrzemski to the All-Star roster in Yaz's last season, but had failed to make the same gesture for Willie Stargell in 1982.

* According to George Steinbrenner, during the YES Network's broadcast of the Thurman Munson episode of Yankeeography, Kuhn was opposed to the Yankees team chartering a plane to Ohio to attend Munson's funeral. Kuhn cited the possibility of not returning in time for their next scheduled game and therefore having to forfeit.

* When the major leagues went on strike in 1981, Kuhn made no effort to order the striking players back, and allowed a two-tiered playoff series to be played after the regular season. The St. Louis Cardinals and the Cincinnati Reds, who had the best won-lost records in the National League, were left out altogether.[7]

* According to an article in Sports illustrated, while Kuhn enforced gambling rules against Willie Mays and Mickey Mantle, he took no action against Yankee owner George Steinbrenner, who owned a racetrack. (The first commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, had ordered owners and managers to sell out any interest they owned in racetracks.)


Luke Easter (left) and Steve Bilko (right) flank Bowie Kuhn, Major League Baseball commissioner, before a June 26, 1975 game at Silver Stadium. Easter and Bilko were back for an old-timers game. Kuhn was on hand to present Rochester with an award for being the top organization in minor-league baseball.

Bowie Kuhn, TMLC Hall of Fame
People - Bowie KuhnMr. Kuhn was Commissioner of Major League Baseball from 1969-1984. Since then he had been a leader in both the business and Christian community, recognized widely for his defense of the sanctity of human life, and other political and cultural issues important today. He was a graduate of Princeton University with a law degree from the University of Virginia. He was a board member of Christendom College, New York Medical College, Thomas Aquinas College, Franklin & Marshall College, the Jackie Robinson Foundation, and the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. He also was a board member of the Ave Maria Foundation. Bowie Kuhn Died March 15, 2007. A clergyman with Bowie Kuhn on March 15th relayed to TMLC that the Thomas More Law Center was in Bowie Kuhn's thoughts on the day he died.


Bowie Kuhn (Law ’50) of Ponte Vedra Beach, Fla., died March 15, 2007. He served as the commissioner of baseball for 15 years, from 1969 to 1984. During his tenure, players won the right to free agency and staged their first strikes. Additionally, the major leagues expanded into Canada and realigned into divisional play. Prior to serving as commissioner, Mr. Kuhn was a partner in Willkie Farr & Gallagher, the law firm that represented the National League. In 1966, he won an antitrust court battle that cleared the way for the Braves’ move from Milwaukee to Atlanta.

A memorial Mass for Bowie Kuhn, the former Commissioner of Baseball, is on the schedule soon. A long time ago, Bowie and Tom Monahan pushed me into the Order of Malta. Bowie was a great inspiration to me as he visited with AIDs patients every week at St. Claire’s Hospital and at the Terrence Cardinal Cooke Health Care Center. Bowie and Tom used to communicate very often to discuss their spiritual realities — one of the things they often discussed was their spiritual reading. Both of them were daily communicants and did spiritual reading every day. Spiritual reading is a necessity to develop one’s spiritual life. It should be a part of each person’s spiritual development.

On March 15th, Bowie Kuhn, former Hospitaller of the American
, died at the age of 80.

http://www.maltausa.org/files/newsletter_hospitallers_14.pdf (Proof Positive)
SMOM by mention:
Social Network Diagram (sparse):

David L. Garrison

David L. Garrison - Vice President of Finance of CheckFree Corporation; Founder and CEO of ec payments

CheckFree Corporation (CheckFree) is an electronic payment processing company providing financial electronic commerce products and services. It operates through three divisions. Through its Electronic Commerce Division, CheckFree enables consumers to receive and pay bills.[...]

1. ecpayments : about ecpayments : management
www.ecpayments.com/management. - [Cached]

Published on: 5/19/1999 Last Visited: 8/21/2001

David L. Garrison , CEO - Founder

Mr. Garrison has over 20 years experience in the areas of financial auditing , financial management , and electronic commerce. He is one of the leading industry experts in electronic transaction processing and consumer bill payment.

Prior to founding ec payments in 1999 , he was Senior Vice President of Payment Strategies in the Business Development Division of CheckFree. Mr. Garrison joined CheckFree in 1983 as Vice President of Finance.

Prior to joining CheckFree Mr. Garrison worked for Deloitte & Touche ( formerly Touche Ross & Co ) in Cincinnati , Ohio.

Mr. Garrison holds a BA in Accounting from Mount Vernon Nazarene College , Mount Vernon , Ohio , an MBA from Miami University , Oxford , Ohio and is a Certified Public Accountant , State of Ohio ( non-practicing status ).

About ec payments

Founded in 1999, ec payments, inc. has developed a payment management infrastructure for both e-commerce and legacy business applications. Companies leverage the Internet-based service to fulfill and manage all types of payments with no modification to existing systems, thereby gaining the cost and productivity benefits of an outsourced Internet solution with virtually no up front investment or risk. ec payments, inc. is headquartered in Atlanta, GA.

David L. Garrison - philanthropist, Constantinian knight, knight of Malta, Papal knight;

David L. Garrison (deceased)

http://www.smom.org/files/annual-report-2006.pdf (listed under 'sovereign circle', page 16) (Proof Positive)
Social Network Diagram (don't bother):

Genevieve Garvan Brady

Genevieve Garvan Brady - Spouse of Tycoon Nicholas Frederic Brady; Founder o/t Carroll Club; Board Chairman o/t Girls Scouts of America; Vice President of the Welfare Council of New York

Genevieve Garvan of Hartford, Conn., comely sister of Francis Patrick Garvan (Chemical Foundation), in 1906 married Nicholas Brady, son of a family whose transit and utilities fortune at one time was among the greatest in the U. S. To them both, their wealth became a means by which to serve their Church. In 1920 a Cardinal, His Eminence Giovanni Bonzano, Apostolic Delegate to the U. S., dedicated "Inisfada." The Bradys, indifferent to decorators, had spent 20 years traveling the world buying furnishings for it. Tycoon Brady, who confessed his sins in his last years to a bishop, his friend the Most Rev. John Gregory Murray (now Archbishop of St. Paul), was a trusted lay adviser to the Church, became the second U. S. Catholic named Papal Chamberlain and was made a Papal Duke in 1926, by which time he had given the Vatican more than $1,000,000.

Goodness once was viewed as woman's chief end. In a time when women compete with men in politics, business and badness, goodness and piety are seldom seen practiced on a grand scale, or recognized as such by the Press. Moreover, Papal Duchess Brady is shy, extremely apprehensive of publicity. Yet she is the foremost member of her social class in a faith which demands completely public acts of faith of its people. While her husband was living, Mrs. Brady—Dame of Malta, Dame of the Holy Sepulchre, holder of the Cross Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice—founded the Carroll Club (for Catholic business girls), visited and gave money to Catholic hospitals, orphanages, homes for the aged. She succeeded Mrs. Herbert Hoover as board chairman of the Girls Scouts of America. Her husband dead (in 1930, leaving her $50,000,000), she accepted Notre Dame's Laetare Medal as the most notable U. S. lay Catholic of 1933, and began thinking of giving "Inisfada" to the Jesuits.

In recent months black-clad Jesuits have been seen about the estate, while a famed Jesuit, Very Rev. William Coleman Nevils, onetime president of Georgetown University, acted as negotiator of details with Mrs. Brady. To North Hills, the village (339 population) in whose boundaries lies the $8,000,000 Brady property, on which it has levied taxes for 16 years, last week's announcement was a shock. In a quandary was the village's Mayor Malcolm Pratt ("Mac") Aldrich.

Nicholas and Genevieve had given over one million dollars to the Vatican by 1926. Nicholas was the
personal friend of three Popes. He took a leading part in the organization and development of Catholic
Charities of the Archdiocese of New York under the leadership of Cardinal Hayes. The following honors
were conferred upon Nicholas: Knight of Malta (he founded the American chapter), Knight Commander of
St. Gregory and Knight of St. Gregory, Knight of the Supreme Order of Christ, Papal Chamberlain and
Papal Duke.

Nicholas and Genevieve were leading Catholic laypersons in the world. Genevieve received a Doctor of
Laws from Georgetown University.
Genevieve was awarded the following honors, a Laetaere Medal from the University of Notre Dame; Order of the Knight of the Crown from King Albert of Belgium; Cross of Malta; French Academy Award; and Papal Dutchess. Genevieve succeeded Mrs. Hoover as Chairperson of the National Girl Scouts of America and was Vice President of the Welfare Council of New York. By 1930, the Brady’s had given more than 2 million dollars for the buildings and grounds of the Jesuit Center in Wernersville, PA. Just two months before the Jesuit Center opened, Nicholas Frederic Brady passed away in his New York residence on March 27, 1930. A Requiem Mass was celebrated at the
Church of St. Ignatius Loyola on March 29, 1930. Nicholas is buried in a crypt beneath an altar in the main
chapel at the Jesuit Novitiate at Wernersville, PA. His Eminence Patrick Cardinal Hayes issued a
statement in the public press which reflects his personal attachment and keen sense of loss: “Church,
country, and city may well lament the passing of Nicholas Frederic Brady, a lovable personality whose
sublime Christian faith, unbounded charity, inspiring family life, notable citizenship, and sensitive fidelity to high ideals in business relations leave an impress long to be remembered and cherished by a host of friends who deeply mourn their personal loss.” Genevieve Garvan Brady died in 1938 and is buried in a
vault next to her beloved - Nicholas.

http://www.stignatiusloyola.org/pdf/nursery/nursery_history.pdf (Proof Positive)

After the death of her husband, Genevieve donated Inisfada in 1937 to the New York Province of the Society of Jesus, the Jesuits. By 1963 Fr. John Magan, S.J. converted it into a retreat house. What was formerly a summer refuge for the wealthy eventually became a spiritual oasis for all. The long paned windows on the southern exposure of the main chapel, once the living room, gently filters in the daylight of each season upon the altar and pews to enhance your quiet.

Social Network Diagram (sparse):

Amadeo Peter Giannini

Amadeo Peter Giannini - Founder of Bank of America (frmr. Bank of Italy); President Transamerica Corporation

Giannini, Amadeo Peter
Born in 1870. Giannini, who in 1904 founded Bank of America in San Francisco, originally called Bank of Italy (until 1930), virtually invented branch banking. Giannini's bank was "for the little fellows" at a time when banks generally lent only to the wealthy. Giannini's first foray east was to reach across the continent to form the East River National Bank in New York City in 1919. He then bought the Bowery National Bank in 1925 and New York's small Bank of America in 1928. In 1928, banker Giannini formed Transamerica Corporation as a holding company for all his Californian interests. Transamerica Corp. held 99% of the stock of Bank of America and it continued buying up banks in Oregon, Nevada, Washington and Arizona. Right after Transamerica was created, Giannini retired to Italy. He put New York banker Elisha Walker, who headed Blair & Co. until it was taken over by Transamerica in March 1929, in charge as CEO. Elisha Walker was a director of American International Corp., once set up by the Morgans and Rockefellers, together with Percy Rockefeller, Pierre du Pont, Otto Kahn, William Woodward (director NY Fed), and George Herbert Walker (father of Prescott). Elisha became a senior partner in Kuhn Loeb & Co. in 1933, which was managed by Felix Warburg (Pilgrims Society family; 18% interest) and Otto Kahn (Pilgrims Society; 14% interest), successors to Rothschild agent and Pilgrims Society member Jacob Schiff. Elisha held 13% of the bank's stock in 1933, the same amount as John Schiff, son of Jacob Schiff. In the 1960s, after Giannini's death, Bank of America even became larger than First National City Bank and Chase Manhattan of Wallstreet. Giannini was a great admirer of FDR's New Deal. Lawrence Mario Giannini, son of founder Amadeo Peter Giannini, was elected president of Bank of America in 1936. In 1945, Bank of America became America's largest bank, with assets of $5 billion. A.P. Giannini died in 1947. In 1953, regulators succeeded in forcing the separation of Transamerica and Bank of America.


Bank of America founder A.P. Giannini in 1929

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Founder of Bank of America

Son of immigrants from Genoa, and worked as a partner in his stepfather's grocery business until 1901. After experiencing banking at the Bank of Columbus in the North Beach part of San Francisco, he and several others founded the Bank of Italy in 1904, later becoming the Bank of America. Giannini's revolutionary idea was to lend money to working class people, an entire class of people who were deemed by banks at the time as uncreditworthy. He was able to keep his bank open in the aftermath of the 1906 earthquake, while many other banks were forced to fold. He build Bank of America into the nation's first statewide branch-banking system. Also founded Transamerica as a holding company.


Beautifully engraved specimen from the Transamerica Corporation. This historic document was printed by the Security Banknote Company in 1929 and has an ornate border around it with a vignette of an allegorical woman between two globes. The certificate has the printed signature of the company's president, A.P. Giannini.

History of Transamerica Corporation

Transamerica Corporation is involved, largely through semi-independent subsidiaries, in life insurance, financial services, and real estate services. Through its Transamerica Life Insurance Companies subsidiary, it is the eighth-largest life insurer in North America, and its life insurance operations generated 48 percent of Transamerica's 1994 earnings. Financial services operations generated 40 percent of 1994 earnings, and centered around consumer and commercial lending, as well as the leasing and managing of transportation equipment. Transamerica Financial Services ranks fourth in the United States in consumer lending; Transamerica Commercial Finance is a leading commercial lender in the United States and the largest in Canada; Transamerica Leasing has the second-largest fleet of container equipment for rail, steamship, and motor carriers in the world. Real estate services comprise Transamerica's smallest general area of operation, with 12 percent of 1994 earnings. Transamerica Real Estate Tax Service is one of the leading real estate tax operations in the United States, while Transamerica Realty Services oversees a real estate and mortgage portfolio that includes the holdings of both Transamerica's parent company and its subsidiaries.

When Peter Amadeo Giannini, the son of Italian immigrants, began dreaming of his career in turn-of-the-century San Francisco, he had not set his heart on building a banking empire. Instead, at the age of 12 he was sneaking out of his home at night to work in his stepfather's produce business and, by the age of 19, was a full partner. His early success at this business allowed him to retire at the age of 31 with a modest, but comfortable, fortune. His foray into the banking world did not begin until several years later when he received a legacy from his father-in-law, Joseph Cuneo, who had made Giannini a director of his Columbus Savings and Loan Society, a building and loan association in San Francisco. Giannini's career in banking lasted for over forty years, and during this time he established the Transamerica Corporation.

After Giannini was appointed a director of Columbus Savings and Loan he became immersed in a number of disagreements with other directors of the bank over policy issues. He consequently left the Savings and Loan Society and established his own banking business which was located directly across the street from Columbus Savings and Loan. Giannini organized the Bank of Italy with $150,000 in capital contributed by his stepfather and ten friends. He envisioned the bank as an institution for the "little fellow," and the bank subsequently made loans to merchants, farmers, and laborers who were mostly of Italian descent.

Ironically, the San Francisco fire and earthquake of 1906 established Giannini's reputation in the banking world. As he stood amid the rubble of his bank on the morning of the earthquake, he was able to salvage over $2 million in gold and securities. In order to avoid the looters who were running through the city, he hid his bank's resources under piles of vegetables in a horse-drawn cart borrowed from his former produce business. Giannini immediately alerted his depositors that their savings were safe and began making loans to businessmen who had lost their savings and their companies.

Giannini's success as a banker is also clearly evidenced by his anticipation of the 1907 stock market crash, and his accumulation of gold before the crash. When the crash came Giannini was able to pay his depositors in cash while other banks were using certificates for cash. From this experience, Giannini realized that only larger banks would ensure security, and therefore he began purchasing small banks and converting them into branches of the Bank of Italy. With these acquisitions Giannini established the first branch banking policy in California.

The Bank of Italy grew so rapidly that by 1919 Giannini was able to form Bancitaly Corporation to organize the expansion. In 1928 Bancitaly Corporation was followed by Transamerica Corporation, which was formed as a holding company for all Giannini's banking, insurance, and industrial concerns.

Giannini's expansion into other areas of the financial services had established him as a leader in the financial services field. By 1929 he had moved into the New York banking scene and purchased the solidly established Bank of America. The following year after this important acquisition, all of Giannini's banks were consolidated into Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association. Transamerica played the role of parent company throughout this period.

In 1931, just a year after the consolidation of his banks under Bank America, Giannini retired and left the top post to Elisha Walker, a Wall Street investment banker. Walker did his best to break up this "empire" created by Giannini. Not surprisingly, Giannini forced Walker out in what was called a "furious proxy battle" at the 1932 annual meeting.

During the previous few decades Giannini's operations had been closely observed by both Wall Street and regulatory branches of the U.S. government; Giannini's success had found critics within both these institutions. Throughout the 1930s Transamerica experienced problems with regulatory procedures and changes enacted by the government. In 1937 Transamerica sold 58 percent of its stock in Bank America, although it still controlled the board of directors. At the time of his death in 1949, Giannini was embroiled in a fight with the Federal Reserve Board as to whether or not Transamerica had violated the Clayton Anti-Trust Act in creating a "credit monopoly" by placing directors on the boards of banks in the huge chain owned by Bank of America. It was the Reserve Board's belief that Transamerica still controlled the bank even after the 1937 split.

-- The Vatican awards Knighthood in the Order of Malta to two San Franciscans, Transamerica Corporation President Amadeo Peter Giannini and American Trust Company President John S. Drum. The knighthood is the oldest and most distinguished decoration of laymen conferred by the Catholic Church.

Circumstantial evidence:
In the 1930’s, the Illuminati’ Bank of America financed Walt Disney. Years before, the Bank of America had been quietly created from Bank of Italy which was controlled by the same oligarchy that has run the Knights of Malta and renaissance Venice. The Bank of Italy was a powerful bank in Hollywood’s first years. It’s representatives A.P. and Atillo Giannini financed Walt during the 1920’s with petty cash to keep him going, but not enough to get him out of financial bondage.

Below is an excerpt from a very recent email exchange I had with researcher Eric Jon Phelps in which I requested him for further evidence of SMOM membership of Giannini. Although he could not give any, he did submit evidence regarding the remarkable affinity the Jesuit Order has with the Bank of America, which they funded right from its very inception. Here's what Phelps wrote:
Here is a quote from Avro Manhattan in his The Vatican Billions (1983), pp. 183-184, 191, 216, 220:

"The most important order, however, as a true religious order, in terms of importance and of influence, is that of the Jesuits. The Society is paramount in the educational and in the financial fields. . . .

"Even more telling is the fact that fifty years ago, they furnished A. P. Gianni, an Italian promoter, with half or the starting capital for the Bank of America. Today, the Jesuits still own 51 per cent of the stock. . . .

"The pugnacious Jesuits, about 8,000 in the U.S. alone, out of 35,000 in the Order, by 1983-4 had increased their income to between 300 to 350 million dollars, and were the controllers, even if tangently, of the largest bank in the world, the Bank of America. . . .

"Sindona had his first studies with the Jesuits, then at Messina's University where he became one of its youngest lawyers. . . . By now, Sindona was acting, not only for the Vatican, but also tangently for the no less powerful concerns, enjoying by now, the confidence of a growing number of American business companies, beginning with the Jesuit controlled Bank of America, the Celanese Corporation and other big U.S. bodies."

The Jesuit rule of the Bank of America is undeniable. The Bank is a member of Cardinal Egan's CFR in New York. Thus, even though you have only one reference to the fact that the Order's front man in the founding of the Bank of America, Italian Roman Catholic Amadeo Peter Giannini, was a Knight of Malta, that will be sufficient.

Social Network Diagram:


* Adams,J.R. Frantz,D. A Full Service Bank. 1992 (19-20)
* Lundberg,F. The Rich and the Super-Rich. 1969 (73-4, 382-4)
* Naylor,R.T. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. 1994 (51)
* New York Times Book Review 1994-11-06 (26)
* Nikitin,V. The Ultras in the USA. 1981 (253)
* Sale,K. Power Shift. 1976 (5)
* Sampson,A. The Money Lenders. 1982 (56-62, 83)
* Tosches,N. Power on Earth. 1986 (145)
* Tye,L. The Father of Spin. 1998 (153-4)
* Van der Pijl,K. The Making of an Atlantic Ruling Class. 1997 (101-2)

pages cited this search: 24


Robert Ouimet, Jr.

Dr. Robert Ouimet Jr. - Chairman o/t Board and CEO Holding OCB Inc.; Cordon Blue International Ltd; Chairman and CEO Ouimet-Tomasso, Inc.

Dr. J.-Robert Ouimet, C.M., C.Q., Ph.D.
Chairman of the Board and CEO
Holding O.C.B. Inc.
Cordon Bleu International Ltd – Piazza Tomasso International Inc.
« To God Go » Foundation

J.-Robert Ouimet graduated from HEC Montreal. He also has a MBA from Columbia University in New York and a doctorate in economic and social sciences from the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. Mr. Ouimet is chairman of the board and CEO of Holding O.C.B., Inc., Cordon Bleu International and Ouimet-Tomasso, Inc. He is also on the board of HEC.
For more information about J.-Robert Ouimet (in French)

Mr. Robert Ouimet Jr.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer5
Cordon Bleu

Headquarters Address:
453 Laurier Avenue East
Ottawa, ON K1N 6R4
Website: www.cordonbleu.net
Phone: (800) 457-2433
Fax: (613) 236-2460

Le Cordon Bleu provides consulting services to companies in all areas of the culinary and hospitality industries. The expertise and dedication of our Master Chefs combined with the passion and drive of our partners creates a synergy that is ideal for maximizing growth potential. Found. More
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer5
Holding O.C.B. inc.
Montreal, Quebec
President of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer4
Holding O.C.B. inc.
Montreal, Quebec
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer1
Ouimet-Tomasso , Inc.

Inspired Business Speakers – Robert Ouimet

Wednesday April 18 at 1:30 – 3:00 p.m.
Uris Hall, Room 326

While business schools generally focus on WHAT an individual can accomplish, Dr. Robert Ouimet ’61, chairman and CEO of O.C.B Inc. and Ouimet-Tomasso Inc, will explore WHY business leaders achieve. We live in a world of increasingly ambiguous business ethics. Some individuals, however, have been able to stand their ground in defense of their own values. It is these individuals we hope to showcase to serve as inspiration for the future global business leaders.

Dr Ouimet is on the board of the Council of Canadian Chief Executives, Petro-Canada and the National Bank of Canada. He is a knight of the Sovereign and Military Order of Malta; Order of the Guardians of Mount Zion and the Holy Sepulcher (Jerusalem); Order of Canada and Ordre national du Québec. Dr Ouimet was inspired by Mother Teresa and her deeds for the poor and sick, which intrigued him to visit her. They developed an immediate kinship, lasting until her death in 1997. He returned home with her prayer and incorporated these values into the company’s mission.

This event is jointly sponsored by the Student Leadership and Ethics Board of the Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. Center, Jewish Business Students Association, Muslim Business Students Association, South Asian Business Association, and Young Arab Leaders Association. Please RSVP to Shervin Setareh.

http://www4.gsb.columbia.edu/leadership/events/events06 (Proof Positive)



The author, J.- Robert Ouimet , is the president of the Board of Directors and chief executive officer of the Holding OCB Inc. He is a well-known personality in the business and political worlds of both Quebec and Canada . He turned a small family business into a middle-sized company that is today active in the Canadian, American, Mexican, Australian, and other markets

Monsieur Ouimet is the main leader of the Inner Silence and Prayer Meetings (ISPM), a one-of-a-kind organization of Quebec leaders, whose meetings have brought together more than 20,000 leaders and managers. He is a member of the Order of Canada and the Ordre National du Québec, a knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta as well as the Order of the Guardians of Mount-Zion and the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem.

He is graduate emeritus of the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, Montreal (HEC-Montréal) where he obtained a bachelor's degree in commerce. He received another bachelor's degree in economics and social sciences (magna cum laude) from the University of Fribourg , Switzerland , and an MBA in business administration from Columbia University , New York . He has been, and is, a member of numerous boards of directors.

Finally, on November 27, 1988 , with the constant encouragement of Professors Roger Berthouzoz and Maurice Villet of the University of Fribourg , he wrote and defended his doctoral thesis, magna cum laude.

In September 1998, the 1 st International Forum on Management, Ethics, and Spirituality (IFMES) was held; the 2 nd IFMES took place in 2000 at the HEC-Montréal; and the 3rd IFMES was hosted in May 2003 at St. Thomas University , Minneapolis , Minnesota . These forums were the result of the discovery of the possibility that two ISMA, the economic and the human, can "work hand in hand¨. The activities of the new, non-economic M.T., some of which are found no where else in the world, also contributed to laying the groundwork for the IFMES forums.

In 2002, the 1 st meeting of the International Committee for Reflection and Action on Our Project (ICRAOP) was held in Montreal . The 2 nd meeting of ICRAOP occurred in Montreal at the beginning of 2003. A book, Human Happiness and Profits: It Can Be Done! will soon be published in Europe .

In 2003, the 70 th anniversary of the founding of the Holding OCB Inc., the following versions of The Golden Book were published: the 4 th revised, French edition; the 3rd revised, English edition; and the 1 st Spanish edition.

Tomasso Corporation Our Mission at Ouimet-Tomasso Inc.

As a highly ethical, economically competitive,
provider of quality frozen dinners and entrées,
centred on and driven by our people
and in cooperation with a loving God,
to innovatively generate continuous growth . . .
in human well-being,
in customer enthusiasm,
in long-term economic performance.

Our values

AUTHENTICITY is expressed through our integrity, our HUMILITY . . .
. . . everyday . . . in everything we do.
We demonstrate RESPECT by embracing diversity and accepting the differences among people. We endeavour to treat everyone equitably . . . ethically.
Our PASSION is evident in our “joie de vivre” . . . a confident and positive state-of-being. We are committed to developing our people toward their full intellectual and spiritual potential, to innovation, and to surpassing customer expectations for quality and service.

We believe that faith in the wisdom of a loving God . . . a Supreme Being . . . nourishes these values. Therefore we encourage the free expression of spirituality and commit ourselves to fostering spiritual growth.

Cordon Bleu Enterprise

''La Maison J.-Rene Ouimet Ltée''

The action began in 1933 in the midst of the great depression. J.Rene Ouimet, a farmer son borrowed twenty thousand dollars to found “La Maison J.-Rene Ouimet Ltée.? He rapidly establishes a strong network to distribute prepared foods and European cheese. The adventure is started.

Cordon Bleu Ltée

At the same era, a new brand is lunched by the Faille brothers. Lucien and Aimé, impressed by the popularity of their mother’s meat pâtés, founded Cordon Bleu Ltée Company. Neighbour of Faille family, J.René shows rapidly is interest. Beginning by being the exclusive distributor for Quebec and Ontario, he got the entire control of the companies in 1946.

In 1952 J.-René had the idea to market a meatball stew just like the one his mother made for the holidays. That year, the renowned Cordon Bleu Meatball Stew came into existence and was destined to become the company’s flagship product.

In 1963, in its thirtieth year of business, les Entreprises J.-René Ouimet ltée merged with Cordon Bleu ltée.

The expansion

M. J.-Rene Ouimet kept the control of his company until 1963. On march 29, he turned over his company’s share to his three children, J.-Robert, Suzanne and Francine. An expansion era is started. In 1964, J.-Robert Ouimet was promoted to executive president. One year later, he became the sole shareholder.

In 1963 and 1964, the Cordon Bleu quality is recognized during the World Quality Competitions held in Paris, Brussels and London. The Cordon Bleu brand won 18 gold medals for exceptional quality of its products. To commemorate this prestigious achievement, the officials of the World Quality Competitions awarded The Cordon Bleu Seal of Quality – a seal that represents Cordon Bleu’s excellence and tradition since 1933.

The year 1979 signalled the beginning of a series of acquisitions, namely the Paris Pâté, Esta, and Clark brands. In 1986, the factory and the administrative offices regrouped in the same location – the move took two years to complete. It was in the summer 1988 that the inauguration of the new premises at 8383 J. René Ouimet in Anjou, east of Montreal, was celebrated in the presence of no other than Mother Theresa !

Todays …

Ouimet-Cordon Bleu Foods Inc. is now owned by Ouimet Tomasso inc. The company produces canned product under Cordon Bleu, Clark, Esta and Paris Pate brand. Moreover, many private label brand are also produced in Anjou factory for the biggest Canadian food banner. Also, with the HACCP certification, the company is exporting products in USA and Australia. Within the knowledge acquired in this great history, Ouimet-Cordon Bleu Foods Inc. will continue to accomplish its mission: producing and marketing highly differentiated and value-added food products.

The future is bright for Ouimet-Cordon Bleu Foods Inc.

http://www.our-project.org/212.html (Proof Positive II)


Anne Crellin Seggerman

Anne Crellin Seggerman - Founder of Fourth World Foundation, Inc. (ecumenical corporation; develops interfaith media); Chairman o/t board o/t Fairfield County Chapter of Huxley Institute for Biosocial Research; Member o/t President's Committee on Mental Retardation

Anne Crellin Seggerman

Anne Crellin Seggerman of Fairfield, Connecticut, is the founder of Fourth World Foundation, Inc., a company engaged in the development of interfaith media.

A member of the Bridgeport Urban Gardens and Youth at Risk/Breakthrough Foundation, Mrs. Seggerman founded and serves as the chairman of the board of the Fairfield County Chapter of Huxley Institute for Biosocial Research. She previously was a member of the President's Committee on Mental Retardation.

Mrs. Seggerman is listed in Who's Who of American Women and has received numerous honors including an Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters Award from Sacred Heart University, the Association of Knights and Ladies of the Holy Sepulchre, and the American Association of the Order of Malta. She was previously appointed to serve on the Housing of Handicapped Families of the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Mrs. Seggerman is experienced in providing care, treatment, and rehabilitation to people with schizophrenia and has extensive experience with alcoholics and children with learning disabilities. She is married and has six adult children.

http://www.ncd.gov/newsroom/publications/1993/sharing.htm (Proof Positive)

The Fourth World Foundation is a non-profit, ecumenical corporation founded to promote and strengthen man’s spiritual, ethical and moral values.

The Foundation believes that men and women of good will can preserve the Earth and serve mankind if they are united by these spiritual ideals.

We hope to counter the negative, nihilistic qualities of contemporary culture. We have only begun to explore the power and potential of man’s mind and his relation to the other dimensions of life. The Fourth World Foundation hopes to deal with these themes with the ever present goal of strengthening man’s spiritual destiny.



Elizabeth Windsor

Elizabeth II - Queen of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926)[1] is the Queen regnant of sixteen independent states and their overseas territories and dependencies. Though she holds each crown and title separately and equally, she is resident in and most directly involved with the United Kingdom, her oldest realm, over parts of whose territories her ancestors have reigned for more than a thousand years. She ascended the thrones of seven countries in February 1952 on the death of her father King George VI. (see Context below).

In addition to the United Kingdom, Elizabeth II is also Queen of Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, and Saint Kitts and Nevis, in each of which she is represented by a Governor-General. The 16 countries of which she is Queen are known as Commonwealth realms, and their combined population, including dependencies is over 129 million. In theory her powers are vast; in practice (and in accordance with convention) she herself rarely intervenes in political matters. In the United Kingdom at least, however, she is known to take an active behind-the-scenes interest in the affairs of state, meeting regularly to establish a working relationship with her government ministers.

Elizabeth II holds a variety of other positions, among them Head of the Commonwealth, Supreme Governor of the Church of England, Duke of Normandy, Lord of Mann, and Paramount Chief of Fiji. Her long reign has seen sweeping changes in her realms and the world at large, perhaps most notably the dissolution of the British Empire (a process that began in the last years of her father's reign) and the consequent evolution of the modern Commonwealth of Nations.

Since 1947, the Queen has been married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, born a prince of Greece and Denmark but after naturalisation known as Philip Mountbatten and subsequently created Duke of Edinburgh. To date the couple have four children and eight grandchildren; the eighth (Viscount Severn) was born on 17 December 2007 to Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex.[3]


Elizabeth became Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) upon the death of her father, George VI, on 6 February 1952. As other colonies of the British Empire attained independence from the UK during her reign, she acceded to the newly created thrones as Queen of each respective realm so that throughout her 56 years on the throne she has been the sovereign of 32 nations, half of which subsequently became republics. She is currently the only monarch of more than one independent state.

Further information: States headed by Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II is currently the second longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom ranking behind Victoria (who reigned over the UK for 63 years). She is also one of the longest-reigning monarchs of any of its predecessor states, ranking behind George III (who reigned over Great Britain and subsequently the UK for 59) and James VI (who reigned over Scotland for 57). In March 2008 she surpassed Henry III of England.

Following tradition, she is also styled Duke of Lancaster and Duke of Normandy. She is also Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of many of her realms (and Lord Admiral of the United Kingdom), and is styled Defender of the Faith in various realms for differing reasons.


Notice that the Queen is dressed in darker colors while the Pope is dressed in lighter colors, thus symbolizing the submissiveness of the former to the latter.

The Knights of Malta
by Harold Meij, H.P.
Tokyo Chapter #1, R.A.M.


Queen Elizabeth II in the robes of Sovereign Head of the Order in Great Britain

http://www.themasonictrowel.com/Articles/Hi...ta/knights_of_malta.htm (Proof Positive)

Coat of Arms of the House of Windsor


Queen Elizabeth II in Garter Robes

Social Network Diagram (negligible):