|Valéry Marie René Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926) is a French centre-right politician who was President of the French Republic from 1974 until 1981.|
His tenure as President was marked by a more liberal attitude on social issues—such as divorce, contraception, and abortion—and attempts to modernize the country and the office of the presidency, notably launching such far-reaching infrastructure projects as the high-speed TGV train and the turn towards reliance on nuclear power as France's main energy source. However, his popularity suffered from the economic downturn that followed the 1973 energy crisis, marking the end of the "thirty glorious years" after World War II, unfortunately combined with the official discourse that the "end of the tunnel was near". Furthermore, Giscard faced political opposition from both sides of the spectrum: from the newly-unified left of François Mitterrand, and from a rising Jacques Chirac, who resurrected Gaullism on a right-wing opposition line. All this, plus bad public relations, caused his unpopularity to grow at the end of his term, and he failed to secure re-election in 1981.
He is a proponent of the United States of Europe and, having limited his involvement in national politics after his defeat, he became involved with the European Union. He notably presided over the Convention on the Future of the European Union that drafted the ill-fated Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. He also became involved in the regional politics of Auvergne, serving as president of that region from 1986 to 2004. He was elected to the French Academy, taking the seat that his friend and former President of Senegal Léopold Sédar Senghor had held. As a former President, he is a member of the Constitutional Council. It is a prerogative that he has taken recently.
Valéry Marie René Giscard d'Estaing was born in Koblenz, Germany, the son of Jean Edmond Lucien Giscard d'Estaing (1894 - 1982), a civil servant, and his wife, Marthe Clémence Jacqueline Marie (May) Bardoux, who was a daughter of senator and academic Achille Octave Marie Jacques Bardoux and a great-granddaughter of minister of state education Agénor Bardoux, also a granddaughter of historian Georges Picot and niece of diplomat François Georges-Picot, and also a great-great-great-granddaughter of King Louis XV of France (by one of his mistresses, Catherine Éléonore Bernard (1740 - 1769)), and by whom Giscard d'Estaing was a multiple descendant of Charlemagne. Despite the addition of "d'Estaing" to the family name by his grandfather, Giscard is not descended from the extinct noble family of Vice-Admiral d'Estaing, that name being adopted by his grandfather in 1922 by reason of a distant connection to another branch of that family.
He studied at Lycée Blaise-Pascal in Clermont-Ferrand, École Gerson and Lycées Janson-de-Sailly and Louis-le-Grand in Paris. He graduated from the École Polytechnique and the École nationale d'administration (1949 - 1951). He acceded to the Inland Revenue Service, then joined the staff of Prime Minister Edgar Faure (1955 - 1956).
In 2003 he received the Charlemagne Award of the German city of Aachen. He is also a Knight of Malta.
|Alexandre de Marenches (the chief of French Intelligence under Giscard d'Estaing, himself a Knight of SMOM)|
|Otto [von Habsburg] thinks the rejected 2005 EU Constitution should be rewritten and reintroduced. Made a speech in German and French praising Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (former French president; like Habsburg, a good friend of Opusian Cercle founder Jean Violet; prominent member Paneuropa Union; received the Charlemagne award; Knight of Malta; Giscard's father had close connections to the Synarchy and Opus Dei)|
Honorary Canon of Saint-Jean-de-Latran (1978),
Steward Grand Cross of honor and devotion of the Sovereign Order of Malta
http://www.ambafrance-us.org/atoz/bio/bio_giscard.asp (Proof Positive)
|La Orden de Malta esta formada por 11.000 caballeros y damas entre lo más escogido de la nobleza, pero también está abierta a la sociedad civil. (The Order of Malta is formed by 11,000 Knights and Dames and derives its membership from among the nobility, but is also accessible to the civil community.) [...]|
En el mundo, los empresarios Lee lacocca (Chrysler), Barron Hilton (Hoteles Hilton), el ex presidente francés Valèry Giscard D'Estaing, Prescott Bush (tío del actual presidente de EE.UU.) o Alexander Haig (secretario deEstado con Ronald Reagan) son otros hospitalarios destacados. (In the world, [...], the ex French Premier Valèry Giscard D'Estaing [...] are other notable Hospitalers.)
http://www.orderofmalta.org/dettrs.asp?id=52&idlingua=5 (Proof Positive II)
SMOM by mention:
Social Network Diagram:
|GISCARD DESTAING VALERY|
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