Tuesday, 2 September 2008

Paul McHugh

Dr. Paul McHugh - Head of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University School of Medine; Founder and First Director, Bourne Behavioral Research Laboratory of New York Hospital; Member o/t Presidential Council on Bioethics (Eugenics)

Paul R. McHugh received his medical education at Harvard Medical School and did an internship at the Peter Bent Brigham (now Brigham and Women's Hospital) and a neurology and neuropathology residency at the Massachusetts General Hospital. He continued his education in Psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, and in the Division of Neuropsychiatry at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. After his training, he was eventually and successively Professor of Psychiatry at Cornell University School of Medicine, Clinical Director and Director of Residency Education at the New York Hospital Westchester Division; Professor and Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the Oregon Health Sciences Center. He was Henry Phipps Professor and Director of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Psychiatrist- in-Chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1975-2001. The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine named him Distinguished Service Professor in 1998.

Dr. McHugh was Founder and First Director, Bourne Behavioral Research Laboratory of New York Hospital, Westchester Division at Cornell. He was Chairman of the Medical Board, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1984-89. From 1985-1991, he was Chairman of the Professorial Promotions Committee at Hopkins School of Medicine. From 1992-2001, he directed the Blades Center for Clinical Practice and Research in Alcohol/Drug Dependence at Hopkins.

In 1986-89, Dr. McHugh was Chairman of the NIH BioPsychology Study Section. From 1982-1992, he was Associate Editor, Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology for the American Journal of Physiology. He is also on the editorial boards of several psychiatry journals and book series. From 1993- 1998, he was on the Editorial Board of The American Scholar. Since 1987, he has been a member of the Board of Trustees of the Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease. He received the William C. Menninger Award, American College of Physicians, 1987, and the Joseph Zubin Award from the American Psychopathological Association, 1995. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences in 1992. In 2001, he was appointed by President Bush to the Presidential Council on Bioethics.

His career has three interrelated themes. The first is to create a model department of academic psychiatry by rendering explicit the conceptual structure of psychiatry and by demonstrating what this structure implies for patient care, education and research. The second is to teach how the brain-mind problem is embedded in these concepts and how it affects the thought and actions of psychiatrists. The third is to investigate the "motivated" or "driven" behaviors, including the addictions that are open in this era to multiple levels of analysis from molecular biology to social science. These ideas should be clear from the directions he has given his Department, the careers he has fostered, and the books and papers he has written.

Selections from among his publications:

* The Perspectives of Psychiatry, 1983 (book with P. R. Slavney). 2nd Edition in 1998
* William Osler and the New Psychiatry, 1985 (Award address)
* Mini-Mental State: A Practical Method for Grading the Cognitive State of Patients for the Clinician, 1975 (journal article with M. F. Folstein and S. E. Folstein), [Citation Classic, 1989]
* Genes, Brain, and Behavior, 1990 (book edited with V. A McKusick)
* A Structure for Psychiatry at the Century's Turn-The View from Johns Hopkins, (article in Jourrnal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 85: 483-487, 1992)
* Psychiatric Misadventures (essay in The American Scholar, selected and reprinted in The Best American Essays - 1993)

Paul McHugh, M.D.
Council Member

Paul R. McHugh, M.D. is the University Distinguished Service Professor of Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was the Henry Phipps Professor of Psychiatry, Director of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and psychiatrist-in-chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1975-2001. He is the author of 4 books and more than 150 papers.

Since it was created by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops last June as a lay-based review body, board members have met nine times in various cities around the country. “We have spent hundreds of hours and done tons and tons of work on the issues of priest abuse,” said board member Anne Burke, a justice of the Illinois Court of Appeals. “And almost everywhere we’ve gone, the local bishops have been so thoughtful and worked very hard to portray themselves as cooperating with us. They’ve said Mass for us and met with us.” Burke said she could not understand the apparent lack of hospitality on the part of Egan.

Last September Pamela Hayes wrote to Egan notifying him of the New York meeting. She received a warm reply, she said, in which the cardinal said details of his involvement could be worked out later. Meanwhile, Justice Burke, who is a Dame of Malta, along with another board member who is a knight, invited all 13 board members to gather for the dinner to be held the evening of Jan. 17, just after the conclusion of the board’s own meeting. The knights’ annual white-tie gala at the Waldorf-Astoria, regularly draws 800 to 1,000 attendees with tickets at $250 a person. Burke said she and the other Malta members intended to host the full board. Besides Burke, the Malta members on the national review board are William Burleigh, chair and former CEO of E.W. Scripps; Raymond Siegfried, CEO of the NORDAM Group; and Dr. Paul McHugh, head of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. When Burke met Egan at the bishops’ conference in November, she told him of the plans.

Weeks later as the full board was meeting in Covington, Ky., they received a conference call from a high level member of the bishops’ conference, whose name they declined to divulge. He stated that Egan did not want non-knights attending the dinner. The presence of the full board, he said, might cause controversy and might take attention away from the knights’ good works. The spokesman also relayed word that Egan did not want McChesney speaking in New York, though no reason was reportedly given for this order.

The review board meeting coincided with a dinner for the Knights of Malta, an elite organization of Catholic lay persons active in the church. Review board members Anne Burke, Ray Siegfried, Bill Burleigh and Paul McHugh were Malta members.

Social Network Diagram: (sparse)

No comments: