Sunday, 31 August 2008

James L. Buckley

James Lane Buckley - US Senator New York; Vice-President and Director of Catawba Corporation; Undersecretary of State for Security Assistance; President of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc.; Federal Judge; Skull & Bonesman

James Lane Buckley (born March 9, 1923 in New York City) was a United States Senator from the state of New York as a member of the Conservative Party of New York. Buckley served from January 3, 1971 to January 3, 1977. Formerly, he was vice president and director of the Catawba Corporation from 1953 to 1970, and afterwards served as Undersecretary of State for Security Assistance 1981–1982, President of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Inc. 1982–1985, and as a federal judge 1985–2000.

He was also the lead petitioner in a landmark Supreme Court case, Buckley v. Valeo, in which he successfully challenged the constitutionality of a law limiting campaign spending in Congressional races.

In 1970 he was elected to the U.S. Senate as a member of the Conservative Party of New York, winning 38.7% of the vote in a three-way race, and served from 1971 until 1977. To date he has been the only member of his party, and the last member of a third party, elected to the U.S. Senate.[1]

Education and early career

A 1943 graduate of Yale University, where he was a member of Skull & Bones[2][3][4], Buckley enlisted in the United States Navy in 1942 and was discharged with the rank of lieutenant in 1946. After receiving his law degree from Yale Law School, he was admitted to the Connecticut bar in 1950 and practiced law until 1953, when he joined Catawba as vice president and director.
William and James Buckley.
[...], Buckley served as a political consultant to the National Security Council during the Reagan administration. His brother James, a former New York senator, was undersecretary of state for security affairs and president of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, both with a history of employing Nazi collaborators. Under Buckley, they were accused of broadcasting anti-Semitic material and of providing positive descriptions of a Nazi unit involved in the murder of thousands of Jews in the western Ukraine.
Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe were fronts for the intelligence network that had been established by Reinhard Gehlen, Hitler's former espionage officer against Russia. Knight of Malta, James Buckley, was head of U.S. propaganda against Eastern Europe at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty during the Reagan Administration. Under the supervision of Grace and other prominent figures, Radio Liberty functioned as a front for ex-Nazis:

"In 1950, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism was created. The trustees included J. Peter Grace, Charles Edison, William Henry Chamberlain, H.J. Heinz II, Isaac Don Levine, and Eugene Lyons. The Committee (now known as Radio Liberty), under the guiding hand of the CIA's Frank Wisner, funded numerous emigre "research institutes'' which, according to John Loftus, were "little more than front groups for ex-Nazi intelligence officers.'' 11
There are many other knights with CIA connections. Clare Boothe Luce, for example, the grande dame of American diplomacy, served as a U.S. ambassador to Italy in the 1950s and is now a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, which oversees covert opera-tions. William Buckley, Jr., a former CIA operative and the editor of the National Review, is a member, as is his brother James, a former senator from New York and now undersecretary of state for security assistance.
Others in the group included two Knights who were influential right-wing Catholics: James L. Buckley, brother of William Buckley, and Frank Shakespeare, chair of the Heritage Foundation.
After the appointment of Knight of Malta William Casey as head of the Central Intelligence Agency, and another Knight, James Buckley, as head of U.S. propaganda against Eastern Europe at Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, several historians noted with interest President Reagan's call during the summer of 1982 for a "crusade" against the "Evil Empire" in Eastern Europe.
The focal point of the broadcast is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta or SMOM, popularly known as the Knights of Malta. An order of Vatican knights dating to the crusades, the SMOM consists of influential political, military, business and civic leaders who are viewed by the Vatican as key figures who either have helped, or who might someday be of great assistance in furthering the policies of the Catholic faith. Recorded in late 1982, the program highlights the significant role of the SMOM in the Reagan administrations. Figures like former CIA director William Casey, James Buckley, Alexander Haig and other knights collaborated with other conservative Catholics in the Reagan administrations. Together, they comprised a very effective engine of political reaction that helped drive the Soviet Union out of existence. Another key American knight was J. Peter Grace, who played a leading role in bringing I.G. Farben researcher (and Nazi war criminal) Otto Ambros to the United States.
The KoM is dedicated to "inculcating lessons in chivalry and courage, and inspire a militant spirit in opposition to all non-Christian ideologies and powers." The American branch of the KoM counts among its members former CIA directors William Casey and John McCone. McCone is remembered as the architect of the bloody 1973 military coup in Chile. Others include former CIA chief of counterintelligence, James Jesus Angleton; William and James Buckley;
SMOM members by mention:
Social Network Diagram:

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pages cited this search: 61

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