|George William Mundelein, later George Cardinal Mundelein, (July 2, 1872–October 2, 1939) was an American prelate who served as the eighth bishop and third archbishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Chicago, serving in that post from 1915 to 1939.|
He was born on July 20, 1872 in New York City to a family of German ancestry, educated at La Salle Academy in New York, Manhattan College, St. Vincent Seminary, in Rome, and ordained a priest on June 8, 1895 in the Diocese of Brooklyn. From 1895 to 1909, he served at Williamsburg, Pa. On June 30, 1909 he was appointed Titular Bishop of Loryma and Auxiliary Bishop of Brooklyn, New York, where he was ordained a bishop on September 21, 1909. He was appointed Archbishop of Chicago, on December 9, 1915 and installed February 9, 1916. He was elevated to Cardinal on March 24, 1924, and served as archbishop until his death at the age of 67.
During his tenure at the Archdiocese of Chicago, Mundelein launched an effort to unify ethnic Catholic groups such as the Poles and Italians into territorial, instead of ethnic, parishes with mixed success. St. Monica's (Colored) parish, however, was endorsed by Mundelein as the city's sole black parish, leading to distaste for the Archbishop in both the early 1900's and today. After constructing the landmark Archbishop Quigley Preparatory Seminary in Chicago, Mundelein built St. Mary of the Lake Seminary in Area, now Mundelein, Illinois. Quigley Seminary was the site of Mundelein's 1937 "paper hanger (wallpapering)" speech, criticizing Adolf Hitler.
The archdiocese greatly expanded its charity functions during the Great Depression, rivalling that of Chicago's Associated Jewish Charities. A city-wide network of St. Vincent de Paul Societies was established.
|Chicago. In Rome, George Cardinal Mundelein received the Grand Cross of the Sovereign Order of Malta, originated in the first crusade by the Knights of the Order of the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem. He is the first American so honored.|
|MUNDELEIN RECEIVES GRAND CROSS OF MALTA; He Is Also Feted by the College of Propaganda -- Will Sail for Home on May 3.|
April 24, 1924, Thursday
Section: SPORTS, Page 21, 372 words
ROME, April 23. -- The Grand Cross of the Sovereign Order of Malta, originally founded as the Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, was conferred upon Cardinal Mundelein of Chicago in a private ceremony at his hotel today. The decoration, the first ever conferred upon a citizen of the United States, was pinned to the Cardinal's breast by Count Lambertini, the Grand Master.
http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html...DDDAD0A94DC405B848EF1D3(NB: It is odd that Lambertini is listed as Grand Master of the Order of Malta since the official Grand Master was Frà Galeas von Thun und Hohenstein)
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