|Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard); born 31 January 1938) has been the Queen regnant of the The Netherlands since 30 April 1980, when her mother, Queen Juliana, abdicated.|
Early life of the Queen
Queen Beatrix is daughter of the late Queen Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Her godparents are King Leopold III of Belgium, Duke Adolf Friedrich of Mecklenburg (brother of her maternal grandfather Prince Hendrik), Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, and Allene Countess de Kotzebue.
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is a direct descendant of Sophia, Electress of Hanover via her great-granddaughter Anne, Princess Royal (1709–1759). The queen could claim British nationality because of her descent from Sophia, based on The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body (the Sophia Naturalization Act) from 1705, as she was born before the act was repealed in 1948.
When the queen was a young girl, the Dutch royal family fled the German invasion of the Netherlands in World War II, moving to Britain in May, 1940, and then to Ottawa, Canada. The family lived at Stornoway, now the official residence of the Leader of the Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition in Canada. She attended Rockcliffe Park Public School, during their exile in Canada.
While in Canada, Princess Beatrix attended nursery and primary school. On her return to the Netherlands, she continued her primary education at The Workshop (De Werkplaats), Kees Boeke's progressive school in Bilthoven. In April 1950, Princess Beatrix entered the Incrementum, a part of Baarnsch Lyceum, where, in 1956, she passed her school-graduation examinations in the subjects of arts and classics.
On January 31, 1956, Princess Beatrix celebrated her 18th birthday. From that date, under the Constitution of the Netherlands, she was entitled to assume the Royal Prerogative. At that time, her mother installed her in the Council of State.
Princess Beatrix began her university studies the same year, at Leiden University. In her first years at the university, she attended lectures in sociology, jurisprudence, economics, parliamentary history and constitutional law. In the course of her studies she also attended lectures on the cultures of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, international affairs, international law, history and European law.
While at the university, the Princess visited various European and international organisations in Geneva, Strasbourg, Paris, and Brussels. She was also an active member of the Leiden Women Students' Association. In the summer of 1959, she passed her preliminary examination in law, and she obtained her law degree in July 1961.
|Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands granted a royal charter to a small oil exploration company founded in 1890 by Jean Kessler, along with Henri Deterding and Hugo Loudon, which evolved into the Royal Dutch Petroleum Company. Queen Wilhelmina was a very shrewd investor and became the wealthiest woman in the world. At one time, the Dutch royals apparently owned as much as 25% of the oil company.|
The Dutch royal family (The House of Orange) is still reportedly the biggest shareholder in the Dutch part of the group, although the size of its stake has long been a source of debate. Queen Beatrix, a billionaire in her own right, is the current head of the Dutch royal family.
Uitreiking van het Grootkruis van Eer en Devotie met Oorkonde van de Soevereine Militaire Hospitaal Orde van Malta aan kroonprinses Beatrix tijdens een bijeenkomst in Huis ten Bosch, v.a. 3e v.l.n.r. de Coadjutor & Schatmeester van de Orde mr. E.L.M.H. baron Speyart van Woerden, prinses Beatrix en de Baljuw-President mr. E.H.J. baron van Voorst tot Voorst.
http://www.maltezerorde.nl/Grootkruis_Beatrix.htm (Proof Positive)
|Korte geschiedenis van de Orde|
Rang van Grootkruis van Eer en Devotie van de Nederlandse Afdeling van de SMH Orde van Malta (tot 1970)
(Rank of Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Dutch branch of the SMHOM (until 1970))
1911 J.J.G. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1911-1931
1911 H.M. Koningin Wilhelmina
1911 Z.K.H. Prins Hendrik, Hertog van Mecklenburg, Baljuw
1931 Mr E.O.J.M. baron van Hövell van Wezeveld en Westerflier, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1931-1936
1936 L.F.J.M. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1936-1939
1943 Z.T.J.F. baron van Dorth tot Medler, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1942-1953, Wnd Voorzitter 1939-1942
1946 Zijne eminentie dr J Kardinaal de Jong, Baljuw
1949 S.K.H. Prins Bernhard, Prins van Lippe Biesterfeld, Baljuw
1952 Mr E.H.J. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1953-1964
1952 Ir J.B.G.M. ridder de van der Schueren, Baljuw, Kanselier, Voorzitter 1964-1970
1953 Mr E.L.M.H. baron Speyart van Woerden, Coadjutor, Baljuw
1960 Zijne Eminentie dr B. Kardinaal Alfrink, Aartsbisschop, Baljuw, Grootkruis van Magistrale Gratie
1960 H.K.H. Beatrix, Prinses der Nederlanden, (>1980; H.M. de Koningin)
1970 Mr E.T.M. baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Baljuw, Voorzitter 1970-1992
Social Network Diagram:
* Bilderberg Group. Meeting Participants. 1999 (6)
* Currier,C. The World's Richest People. 1991 (35-7)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 1998-#35 (31)
* Spotlight Newspaper 1998-06-01 (11)
* Spotlight. Report on the Bilderberg Group. 1991-09 (5)
pages cited this search: 7