Monday, 1 September 2008

Claiborne Pell

Senator Claiborne Pell - Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee; Delegate to the 25th and 51st United Nations General Assembly; Author

Former Senator Claiborne Pell enlisted in the Coast Guard four months prior to Pearl Harbor. He first served as a ship’s cook and eventually earned a commission. During the war, he served on North Atlantic convoy duty and in Sicily and Italy. He left active duty at the end of the war with the rank of lieutenant but continued serving in the Coast Guard Reserve. Upon returning to civilian life Pell worked many years in foreign affairs. He also was Vice President of the International Rescue Committee. The Knights of Malta decorated him for his refugee work and he received the Knight Crown of Italy for his work on rehabilitating the Sicilian fishing industry. He also received the French Legion of Honor and was decorated by Portugal as well.

In 1960, he was elected to the U.S. Senate from Rhode Island and he served in the Senate from 1961 to 1997. During his distinguished career, Senator Pell served as the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He also served on the Labor and Public Welfare and Rules and Administration Committees. He is the author of Megalopolis Unbound and co-author of Challenge of the Seven Seas.

He retired from the Coast Guard Reserve with the rank of captain (O-6). (Proof Positive)

Senator Claiborne Pell from Rhode Island. Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Club of Rome. Decorated by the Knights of Malta. Along with Charlie Rose, Pell is one of Washington's biggest supporters of psychic research. In1988 he introduced a bill to get government funding for the new age group the National Committee on Human Resources (Al Gore was a co-sponsor). On the advisory board of the International Association of Near-Death Studies, and on the board of the Institute of Noetic Sciences and the Human Potential Foundation
A graduate of St. George's School in Middletown, R.l., he earned his A.B. degree (summa cum laude) in history from Princeton University in 1940 and his M.A. degree from Columbia University. He has received honorary doctorates from 51 colleges and universities.

He has received 20 decorations, including the Presidential Citizens Medal, the second highest non-military award of the United States, and was awarded medals by both the Kingdom and the Republic of Italy, four by Portugal, two by the Netherlands, and by France, Sweden, Greece, Liechtenstein, Austria, Luxembourg, Lebanon, Pakistan, the Knights of Malta and by Cardinal Koenig of Austria.

On the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Pell was an early and outspoken opponent of United States military involvement in Vietnam and has been a vigorous supporter of arms control agreements, including a mutual, verifiable nuclear freeze. He has taken the lead in proposals to ensure peaceful uses of the oceans and international cooperation in protection of the environment.

His leadership, both in the Committee and on the Senate Floor, helped secure overwhelming ratification of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty to reduce nuclear weapons. He also fathered a treaty prohibiting the use of environmental modification techniques as weapons of war.

Claiborne Pell also has taken a leading role in eliminating financial barriers to higher education. His legislation created the Basic Educational Opportunity Grants which Congress named Pell Grants in 1980.

A member of the Presidential Commission on Drunk Driving, he was the original Senate advocate behind the federal legislation to help crack down on drunk driving. A set of tough drunk driving measures, initially proposed by Claiborne Pell, was signed into law in 1982.

He was also the originator behind the High Speed Ground Transportation Act to improve rail passenger service and his efforts were instrumental in the implementation of the downtown Providence railroad relocation project and the construction of the new Providence AMTRAK Station.

His legislation resulted in the establishment of a career service for Foreign Service Information Officers. Another of his bills authorized the creation of a National Police Memorial, dedicated to local, state, and federal law enforcement officials who lost their lives in the performance of duty.

He has been the primary sponsor of specialized bills dealing with such areas as environmental education, libraries, historic preservation, education for the handicapped, and amendments to cushion the economic impact of severe defense cutbacks on Rhode Island.

He was appointed by President Eisenhower as a delegate to the initial meeting of the International Maritime Consultative Organization in 1959 and was a delegate to the 25th United Nations General Assembly in 1970. He served often as a Senate advisor to the U.S. delegation to the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. He also was the first Senate advisor appointed to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) and has served as a member of the Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations.

He was a Senate representative at the first environmental conference in Stockholm in 1972. He was the only Senator who participated in the Stockholm meeting who also was a Senate representative at the follow-up United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
Claiborne Pell was appointed by President Clinton as a Representative of the United States of America to the 51st Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1996.

In 1997, he was granted the status of Distinguished Visiting Professor at Salve Regina University, Newport, Rhode Island. (Proof Positive II)
Czechoslovakia 1946-1948 Italy 1949

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pages cited this search: 88

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